Sappan Wood / Pathimugam
Pathimugam or Sappan Wood is a thorny tree with prickly branches that grows about six to nine meters in height. The diameter of its trunk is about 15 to 25 cm. The heartwood is light yellow in color when it is cut but changes to red quickly. When diffused in hot water for a few hours its color becomes a deep orange. It is also referred to as ‘Ranjans’ or ‘Patanga’ belonging to the family of Caesalpiniaceae Genus.
The bark and tree of Pathimugam contains a red color that is being used for coloring alcoholic drinks and bakery items like cakes. Sappan Wood water or its extract is used for washing your face helps to fight and treat acne. Its anticonvulsant property helps people suffering from epilepsy or any such disorder. The red pigment present in the wood proves to be beneficial for cardiovascular health.
The Pathimugam wood has certain medicinal properties. Sappan Wood when boiled with water contains many antimicrobial and anti allergic properties as the wood exhibits methanol that can helps to inhibit methicillin resistant bacteria that causes food poisoning, skin infections and joint pains. Sappan Wood tea can be substituted for normal tea or caffeine helping to avoid addiction and acidity. Pathimugam is also used to treat dysentery, diarrhea and skin disorders. It also helps to regulate your blood sugar levels and treat stomach aches.